Setúbal, it is a very nice city, military speaking. Not because of any war, battle (in memory i just remember one battle against Spanish in 1580 war) or confrontation, but by a rich group of army strutures, since 10th century (an arab castle near by), to 20th Coastal Defense (3 artillery regiments and 2 headquarters named "Brancanes" and "Onze"), passing by the 14th "Outão" Fort (in Roman times was a temple to Zeus) and a 16th century Fortress build by the Spanish Filipe's. All (at the exeption of the Castle and Fortress), are abandoned, but that is normal in Portugal with a crapp of politicians and defense ministers since 25 April 1974.
|Casalinho Battery weapons location. There were probably six long range 280mm german guns in this Coastal Defense Artillery.|
With a very important Port and Bay, Setúbal coastal waters were defended (such as i know t'ill last week) by "7th Bataria - Arrabida" and "8th Bataria - Abarquel", since after WWI t'ill the final of 20th century (very well explain in "regimento de artilharia de costa.blogspot.pt, by Fernando Limão").
The "Bataria de Casalinho e Moinho da Desgraça" that was deactivaded since the 1960 (3) was not part of CAR (Coastal Artillery Regiment), so was forgoten by me and for many more people. But if the information is correct, this was the regiment with the more powerfull guns in all Portuguese modern coastal defense, besides being one of the most small ones (some informations talk also about the bigger range in Portuguese CAR, but 50 km, like we will see is not a correct range).
|A 280mm M-1891 Krupp model from the "Oscarsborg fortress" in Norway. Probably the main guns of "Casalinho" were "relatives" from this one (1).|
|Armstrong 210mm gun also from Norway. This was another possibility for "Casalinho", since Portugal only had German and British guns in Coastal Defense, but it seams much short in rear that in the original photo (2).|
"Moinho da Desgraça" was a near by observation post for "Abarquel" and "Casalinho" battery's. Is still visible the place for sighting equipment inside the bunker, very dificult to see from the sea, because of the shape and forest. Was abandoned when the main battery ("8th Bataria - Abarquel") was out of service in the final years of 20th century.
|Main acomodations in the battery after their disactivation|
|Still with the iron doors, the storehouse for amunitions. Probably the space were occupied or had someone paid by Salazar governement to do some maintenance.|
|Casalinho Battery in 2008.|
|Munition Storehouse at left and iron stuctures in front for kick racks.|
|Another photo of several guns implacement.|
|From the river Sado, "Casalinho" and "Moinho da Desgraça" are very difficult to see (the first is down the white construction and the second is on the right).|
|"Moinho da Desgraça" observation post entrance.|
|Another photo of main entrance.|
http://www.monumentos.pt/Site/APP_PagesUser/SIPA.aspx?id=25037 and http://www.monumentos.pt/Site/APP_PagesUser/SIPA.aspx?id=25038
The interior of observation post "Moinho da Desgraça".
http://regimentodeartilhariadecosta.blogspot.pt/2011/10/baterias-do-casalinho-e-moinho-da.html and http://regimentodeartilhariadecosta.blogspot.pt/
|Trafaria "5th Bataria" observation post. It is very similar to "Moinho da Desgraça" bunker.|
(1) - After one vacation mourning investigation the confirmation of the 6X 280mm M1892 model. It was declared by Portuguese Army in 1924. There was no more 28cm guns in Portugal what maches with the 6 guns of "Casalinho" http://www.network54.com/Forum/330333/thread/1184284120/gun+field+information
(2) - The same link said that Portugal was never had 210 mm guns. In 1931-32 Only 2 guns of 260 mm M/76 and 32 howitzer M/902 of 28cm. Another reference to 6X280mm are the Model 1875/02, but in 1929-1930. http://www.network54.com/Forum/330333/thread/1184284120/gun+field+information
(3) - The only reference to Casalinho's first service date is 1949, but by the type of guns and construction i don't think that this information is correct (another is the 28mm and not 28cm). Probably was in the late 20's or in the bigining of the 30's (since the guns were im Portugal since 1924). After the concluson of "Barron's plans" (no referênce to Casalinho) for coastal artillary, the 152 mm guns from "7th Bataria - Outão" (i read that before the modernization were used 147mm short range Krupp guns, one information that i have to see if is true since in some time i spend around this question i think that is a confusion with 150cm Krupp guns http://www.geocaching.com/geocache/GC1HHBH_7-bataria-rac-outao?guid=a7ab52d1-88dc-4303-8cc4-2b49f0203edb ) and the 150 mm Krupp for "8th Bataria - Abarquel", lead to desactivation of Casalinho's, probably becaouse there were better, faster and more modern. http://www.bing.com/maps/?v=2&cp=q8smr7dvt03r&lvl=18&dir=0&sty=b&cid=C17AEC02D9130CD6%21419